It is agreed that biomass feedstock particle sizing can impact the economics of cellulosic ethanol commercialization through its effects on conversion yield and energy cost. Physical size reduction can not always achieve expected effect of biomass enzyme digestibility. For example, the thickness of woody biomass play more critical role in chemical pretreatment of wood chips than its length. Defibrillation of grass biomass is more efficient than size reduction in terms of enzymatic hydrolysis.
Therefore, for practical application, an appropriate size reduction needs to be selected based on the biomass type,what chemicals to be used for pretreatment. The smaller does not mean the best!